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LCZO -- Soil Geochemistry -- X-ray Florescence -- Luquillo Mountains -- (2010-2010)


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Abstract

X-ray Florescence (XRF) is a widely used non-destructive method that measures the elemental composition of materials. This technology was applied to investigate the rocks and sediments in the Luquillo Mountains / El Yunque region of Puerto Rico. Initial testing of wet and dry sediments revealed that the machine records higher elemental concentrations in dry compared to wet sediments as it seems that the water molecules interfere with the X-ray beam on wet samples. The XRF method on dried samples produced reliable results and allowed for the chemical separation of the five basic bedrock types found in the Luquillo Mountains. Of the volcanoclastic the Fajardo Formation can be distinguished from the others by its concentration of Barium (Ba) and Rubidium (Rb). The Unnamed formation was distinguished by Copper (Cu) and the Hato Puerto Formation was distinguished by Nickel (Ni) and Strontium (Sr). The Rio Blanco granodiorite is the youngest rock type of the region and was the only formation whose elemental chemistry was not distinguishable from the othersapparently because it was formed directly from the basic magma that also formed the Luquillo Mountains volcanic rocks. Recent studies have found high levels of Mercury (Hg) in Luquillo stream water. Knowing that the Luquillo region was heavily mined for Gold (Ag) and Silver (Au), the Hg used in historic mining is a possible source of the elevated Hg values. The XRF analysis indicated small quantities of Hg in some rocks but no Hg was found in the sediments and soils surrounding the historic mining sites. Therefore if Hg had been used in historic mining operations it is no longer apparent in the sediments and has presumably been removed by erosion of the site.

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Resource Level Coverage

Spatial

Coordinate System/Geographic Projection:
WGS 84 EPSG:4326
Coordinate Units:
Decimal degrees
Place/Area Name:
Northeastern Puerto Rico and the Luquillo Mountains, Luquillo Mountains
North Latitude
18.3240°
East Longitude
-65.8151°
South Latitude
18.3233°
West Longitude
-65.8181°

Temporal

Start Date:
End Date:

Content

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LCZO -- Soil Geochemistry -- X-ray Florescence -- Luquillo Mountains -- (2010)


OVERVIEW

Description/Abstract

X-ray Florescence (XRF) is a widely used non-destructive method that measures the elemental composition of materials. This technology was applied to investigate the rocks and sediments in the Luquillo Mountains / El Yunque region of Puerto Rico. Initial testing of wet and dry sediments revealed that the machine records higher elemental concentrations in dry compared to wet sediments as it seems that the water molecules interfere with the X-ray beam on wet samples. The XRF method on dried samples produced reliable results and allowed for the chemical separation of the five basic bedrock types found in the Luquillo Mountains. Of the volcanoclastic the Fajardo Formation can be distinguished from the others by its concentration of Barium (Ba) and Rubidium (Rb). The Unnamed formation was distinguished by Copper (Cu) and the Hato Puerto Formation was distinguished by Nickel (Ni) and Strontium (Sr). The Rio Blanco granodiorite is the youngest rock type of the region and was the only formation whose elemental chemistry was not distinguishable from the othersapparently because it was formed directly from the basic magma that also formed the Luquillo Mountains volcanic rocks. Recent studies have found high levels of Mercury (Hg) in Luquillo stream water. Knowing that the Luquillo region was heavily mined for Gold (Ag) and Silver (Au), the Hg used in historic mining is a possible source of the elevated Hg values. The XRF analysis indicated small quantities of Hg in some rocks but no Hg was found in the sediments and soils surrounding the historic mining sites. Therefore if Hg had been used in historic mining operations it is no longer apparent in the sediments and has presumably been removed by erosion of the site.

Creator/Author

Nawal, C.|Scatena, F.N.

CZOs

Luquillo

Contact

Miguel Leon, Miguel.Leon@unh.edu

Subtitle

Exploration of the Geological Formations of the Luquillo Mountain Range of North Eastern Puerto Rico using X-ray Florescence




SUBJECTS

Disciplines

Geochemistry / Mineralogy

Topics

Soil Geochemistry

Subtopic

X-ray Florescence

Keywords

X-ray Florescence|Soil Geochemistry

Variables

Ti|Mn|Fe|Co|Cu|Zn|Rb|Sr|Zr|Ba| Titanium|Manganese|Iron|Cobalt|Copper|Zinc|Rubidium|Strontium|Zirconium|Barium

Variables ODM2

Barium|Barium, dissolved|Acidity, CO2 acidity|Cobalt, dissolved|Copper, dissolved|Iron|Manganese|Rubidium|Strontium, dissolved|Titanium|Zinc, dissolved|Zirconium|Zirconium, dissolved




TEMPORAL

Date Start

2010-03-01

Date End

2010-04-30




SPATIAL

Field Areas

Northeastern Puerto Rico and the Luquillo Mountains

Location

Luquillo Mountains

North latitude

18.324044

South latitude

18.323332999999998

West longitude

-65.818056

East longitude

-65.815128




REFERENCE

Citation

Nawal, C. Scatena, F.N. Exploration of the Geological Formations of the Luquillo Mountain Range of North Eastern Puerto Rico using X-ray Florescence. Masters Thesis 2010. University of Pennsylvania.

CZO ID

3422



Additional Metadata

Name Value
czos Luquillo
czo_id 3422
citation Nawal, C. Scatena, F.N. Exploration of the Geological Formations of the Luquillo Mountain Range of North Eastern Puerto Rico using X-ray Florescence. Masters Thesis 2010. University of Pennsylvania.
keywords X-ray Florescence, Soil Geochemistry
subtitle Exploration of the Geological Formations of the Luquillo Mountain Range of North Eastern Puerto Rico using X-ray Florescence
variables Ti, Mn, Fe, Co, Cu, Zn, Rb, Sr, Zr, Ba, Titanium, Manganese, Iron, Cobalt, Copper, Zinc, Rubidium, Strontium, Zirconium, Barium
disciplines Geochemistry / Mineralogy

How to Cite

Nawal, C., F. Scatena (2019). LCZO -- Soil Geochemistry -- X-ray Florescence -- Luquillo Mountains -- (2010-2010), HydroShare, http://www.hydroshare.org/resource/136cc235e72e45f599913d9931132915

This resource is shared under the Creative Commons Attribution CC BY.

 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
CC-BY

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