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Spectral analysis of continuous redox data reveals geochemical dynamics near the stream-aquifer interface: Supplemental Data

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Created: Dec 11, 2017 at 3:41 p.m.
Last updated: Mar 26, 2019 at 3:05 p.m.
DOI: 10.4211/hs.3dfee662698b4da6bc9c455bbffc35d4
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Sharing Status: Published
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Changes in streamflow and water table elevation influence oxidation–reduction (redox) conditions near river–aquifer interfaces, with potentially important consequences for solute fluxes and biogeochemical reaction rates. Although continuous measurements of groundwater chemistry can be arduous, in situ sensors reveal chemistry dynamics across a wide range of timescales. We monitored redox potential in an aquifer adjacent to a tidal river and used spectral and wavelet analyses to link redox responses to hydrologic perturbations within the bed and banks. Storms perturb redox potential within both the bed and banks over timescales of days to weeks. Tides drive semidiurnal oscillations in redox potential within the streambed that are absent in the banks. Wavelet analysis shows that tidal redox oscillations in the bed are greatest during late summer (wavelet magnitude of 5.62 mV) when river stage fluctuations are on the order of 70 cm and microbial activity is relatively high. Tidal redox oscillations diminish during the winter (wavelet magnitude of 2.73 mV) when river stage fluctuations are smaller (on the order of 50 cm) and microbial activity is presumably low. Although traditional geochemical observations are often limited to summer baseflow conditions, in situ redox sensing provides continuous, high-resolution chemical characterization of the subsurface, revealing transport and reaction processes across spatial and temporal scales in aquifers.

Subject Keywords



Coordinate System/Geographic Projection:
WGS 84 EPSG:4326
Coordinate Units:
Decimal degrees
Place/Area Name:
White Clay Creek



Funding Agencies

This resource was created using funding from the following sources:
Agency Name Award Title Award Number
National Science Foundation NSF EAR 1752995
National Science Foundation NSF EAR 1446724

How to Cite

Wallace, C. D., A. H. Sawyer, R. T. Barnes (2019). Spectral analysis of continuous redox data reveals geochemical dynamics near the stream-aquifer interface: Supplemental Data, HydroShare,

This resource is shared under the Creative Commons Attribution CC BY.


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